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Home Book Chapters Archive for category "Chapter 8 – Entanglement"
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EG&G SPCM-AQR-13-FC Single Photon Counting Module on eBay (no relation to seller)

I HAVE NO RELATION TO SELLER – Just passing along in case someone is interested. eBay item number 271206242864: “The EG&G (or Perkin Elmer) SPCM-AQR is a self-contained module which detects single photons of light over the wavelength range from 400 nm to 1060 nm and sensitivity which often outperforms PMTs. The option 13-FC indicates

 
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Fair Sampling Loophole Closed for Test of Violation of Bell’s Inequality

  A very interesting article by Bernhard Wittmann, Sven Ramelow, Fabian Steinlechner, Nathan K Langford, Nicolas Brunner, Howard M Wiseman, Rupert Ursin,and Anton Zeilinger, entitled “Loophole-free Einstein–Podolsky–Rosen experiment via quantum steering” appeared in the Nature’s New Journal of Physics, Volume 14, May 2012. This paper describes a Bell’s Inequality Violation experiment in which the “fair sampling”

 
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Loved the Book “How the Hippies Saved Physics” by David Kaiser

I just finished the book ”How the Hippies Saved Physics” by David Kaiser and absolutely loved! The book was fun and immensely educational regarding the seemingly unlikely seed of modern-day quantum information theory.  I must confess that when I first saw the book on the shelf at my local Barnes & Noble I dismissed it as yet another

 
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Air to Ground Quantum Key Distribution Achieved

From Phys.org: “A team of German physicists has successfully demonstrated an ability to perform quantum key distribution (QKD) exchange between an airplane in flight and a ground station, paving the way perhaps to the same kinds of communications between satellites and ground stations which could lead to a global quantum based secure communications network. The

 
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Schematics for Fast Pulse Amplifier for Macroscopic Entanglement Detection

A recent paper entitled ”Displacing entanglement back and forth between the micro and macro domains” discusses the experimental possibility of displacing quantum entanglement into the domain where it involves two macroscopically distinct states, i.e. two states characterized by a large enough number of photons.  Specifically, the authors describe the process by which they start with two entangled spatially separated

 
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New Book by Prof. Mark Beck – Great Complement to Our diy Quantum Physics Book!

Prof. Mark Beck from the Dept. of Physics at Whitman College recently published an excellent book titled “Quantum Mechanics: Theory and Experiment.”  It is written for an advanced undergraduate/graduate quantum mechanics class.  This book presents the theory in its full formalism (with thorough, high-level math), as well as describes five laboratory experiments that explore the use of entangled photons in the

 
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Two SPCMs on eBay at $400 Each (No Connection To Seller)

Today I found two Perkin Elmer SPCM-AQE-13-FC SPCMs for sale on eBay at $400 each.  eBay auction numbers are 280877451350 and 280877453169.  I am passing along this information in case that blog readers may be interested.  I have no connection whatsoever to seller.

 
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Perkin Elmer C30902E SPADs on eBay for $91 (Unrelated to Authors)

Someone (I don’t know the seller) is selling brand new Perkin Elmer C30902E Silicon Avalanche Photodiodes on eBay.  Auction number:  200747161278. These are NOT chilled by a thermoelectric cooler, so their internal noise may be too large for experiments with entangled photons unless you rig some sort of external Peltier element to keep them chilled.  However,

 
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d.i.y. Mod for Perkin Elmer SPCM-AQR Single-Photon Detector Module to Improve Photon Timing Performance

I. Rech, I. Labanca, M. Ghioni, and S. Cova of the Politecnico di Milano in Italy described an interesting modification to the Perkin Elmer SPCM-AQR Single-Photon Counting Module (SPCM) to improve its timing characteristics in: I. Rech, I. Labanca, M. Ghioni, and S. Cova, “Modified single photon counting modules for optimal timing performance“, Rev. Sci.

 
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DN1221 Thermoelectric Controller for d.i.y. Single-Photon Counter Module

Figure 144 in the book shows the schematic diagram for our d.i.y. thermoelectrically cooled single-photon avalanche photodiode (SPAD).  Our design calls for a ThermOptics DN1225 TEC controller.  However, this model is not available any more.  Fortunatelly, the ThermOptics’ DN1221 subminiature Bipolar Temperature Controller for Thermoelectric Coolers (TEC) is equally suitable by adapting the pinout and adjusting component values.

 
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Excelitas Technologies (Perkin-Elmer) C30902SH Single-Photon Avalanche Photodiode (SPAD) used in d.i.y. SPCM

Figure 144 in the book shows the schematic diagram for our d.i.y. passively-quenched SPCM based on a Perkin-Elmer C30902S-DTC SPAD. In our circuit, the SPAD is reverse-biased through a 200kΩ resistor. This value is sufficiently large that an avalanche in the SPAD will be quenched by itself within less than a nanosecond. The pulses produced by

 
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Type I Downconversion Beta-Barium-Borate (BBO) Crystal Array for diy Entangled Photon Source

Our diy entangled-photon source, shown in the book’s Figure 142,  uses two BBO crystals that support type I down-conversion that are mounted according to a design by Paul Kwiat and his colleagues at the Los Alamos National Laboratory. The nonlinear crystal in our photon entangler comprises two 5 mm x 5 mm x 0.1 mm BBO crystals mounted face-to-face at

 
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405 nm Pump Laser for diy Entangled Photon Source

This is the 405 nm pump laser used in the circuit shown in the book’s Figure 141.   The laser is built from a Blu Ray disk burner laser diode.  We drive the laser diode with 160 mA to produce around 100 mW of 405-nm polarized light.  The laser diode is capable of producing 250 mW, but we

 
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Beam Diagram for Entangled-Photon Source

This picture supplements Figure 148 in the book.  The colors should help you visualize the paths of the beams in our entangled-photon source:  Violet – 405 nm pump laser beam; Pink – 810 nm signal and idler entangled-photon beams.  A detailed schematic diagram for the entangler is available in the book’s Figure 147.  Figure 149 shows

 
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quTools quED Entanglement Demonstrator

Image Credit: quTools quTools of München, Germany is the maker of the quED quantum entangled state demonstrator system to generate and analyze polarization entangled photons.  This system is a professionally-manufactured version of the type of entangled-photon generator used by many universities, and similar to the diy version described in Chapter 8 of our book (Figure 148). quED employs a

 
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